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   2018| July-December  | Volume 3 | Issue 2  
    Online since August 13, 2020

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Knowledge, attitude, awareness, and motivation of blood donation among academic staff in health colleges in the southern region of Saudi Arabia
Hassan A Hamali
July-December 2018, 3(2):1-5
Objectives: The current study aimed to investigate and evaluate the knowledge, attitude, awareness, and motivation about blood donation among academic staff in health colleges in Southern region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in two universities in the Southern region of Saudi Arabia. The participants were the academic staff in health colleges at King Khalid University, Abha, and Jazan University, Jazan, during 2016. A validated, well-structured questionnaire was used to collectdata. Bivariate logistic regression analysis and odds ratio (OR) were used to assess the knowledge, attitude, awareness, and motivation about blood donation among the study participants. Results: The results showed vast knowledge about blood groups among academic staff, which was significantly associated with their educational level (OR, 4.161; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.313— 7.484). Knowledge of the Rhesus blood group system is highly significantly associated with age and educational level of academic staff (OR, 0.018; 95% CI, 0.002–0.142 and OR, 0.311;95% CI, 0.1500.643). Awareness of the minimum requirements of blood donation is significantly associated with educational level and profession among academic staff (OR, 1.919;95% CI, 1.482-2.485 and OR, 1.258;95% CI, 1.059-1.494). Conclusion: This study provides a deep insight into the blood donation process among academic staff members in health colleges. The outcome of the study currentreflects an extensive knowledge and positive attitude toward blood donation. The academic staff could play a key role in increasing the awareness about blood donation among their students, which could possibly reflect on the society.
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Management of failed subtrochanteric fractures with a proximal femoral nail by a reverse supracondylar locking plate
Mohammed Lafi Shaher Al-Otaibi
July-December 2018, 3(2):14-17
Objective: To show the advantages of distal femoral anatomical locking plates for salvaging failed subtrochanteric femoral fractures. Material & Methods: 11 patients (9 males, 2 females) with subtrochanteric fractures with nonunion following implantation with a PFN (10 patients) or an interlocking nail (1 patient) were managed by removal of the implant, open reduction, freshening of bony ends, and internal fixation by a reverse supracondylar locking plate along with autogenous corticocancellous bone grafting. All patients were followed up clinically and radiologically. Functional outcomes were assessed in terms of the Harris Hip score. Results: All patients showed union at an average of 23.2 weeks after revision surgery. The Harris Hip score at the most recent follow-up was 84.6. Functional outcomes were excellent in 18.1%, good in 45.4%, fair in 27.2%, and poor in 9% of patients. Conclusion: A reverse supracondylar locking plate can be used as a viable option for failed primary osteosynthesis in subtrochanteric fractures and is associated with good functional outcome.
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Cytomorphometric changes of oral mucosa during normal hormonal turnovers in healthy young menstruating women
Usha Balan, Master Luqman, Abdelnasser Mohamed M. Soliman, Hussain Almubarak
July-December 2018, 3(2):8-13
Oral mucous membrane is an excellent indicator of the constitutional state of a patient. The oral mucosa is under tropic influence of various hormones and thus reflects the systemic status of an individual. Very few cytomorphometric studies are done to evaluate the role of sex hormones on oral mucosa. This study was done to determine the morphometric changes in a cell and nuclear diameter of exfoliated cells from the oral mucosa during the course of normal menstrual cycle in healthy women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether oral smears reflect hormonal state of menstrual cycle. In this study consisting of 40 study subjects and 20 control subjects, smears were collected from buccal mucosa twice per week for a period of three months. Morphometric analysis of the cell and nuclear diameter was done and results were statistically analysed. Cell diameter showed significant changes during various phases of the menstrual cycle of healthy young women. In Comparison of both study and control groups, no significant changes were seen in cell and nuclear diameter of the exfoliated cells. The present study showed changes in cell diameter of the study group which could be related to the role of female sex hormones.
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Prevalence of radix-entomolaris in the permanent mandibular first molar among saudi sub-population
Adel S Alobaid
July-December 2018, 3(2):18-22
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of radix entomolaris (RE) in the permanent mandibular first molars in Saudi Sub-population. Materials & Methods: A total of 2154 radiographs were selected and interpreted by two independent interns for the presence of extra root (RE). 154 radiographs were excluded and 2000 peri-apical radiographs were selected to represent the study sample. Data were analyzed and the prevalence of the RE was then calculated. Results: Only 144 cases were diagnosis with an RE. The prevalence of RE among Saudi subpopulation who visited the college of dentistry, King Khalid University was 7.2 %. This was evenly distributed in the right (74 cases) and left (70cases) sides, and between males and females with 76 & 68 cases, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of RE in Saudi subpopulation was 7.2 %, which is comparable to others except for mongoloid peoples. Initial diagnosis is essential to avoid ‘missed canals’ and improper treatment planning. Dental practitioners should be able to identify morphologic abnormalities in the permanent mandibular molars to achieve successful and satisfactory endodontic treatment outcome.
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Rare healing pattern of tooth after fracture: A case report
Suraj Arora, Gurdeep Singh Gill, Namita Jain, Shahabe Saquib Abullais, Anshad Mohamed Abdulla
July-December 2018, 3(2):26-30
Dental trauma is one of the prime reasons for tooth loss in permanent dentition. Horizontal intra alveolar root fractures are rare with an incidence of less than 7% as compared to other dental impact trauma outcomes. Most of the root fractures heal without treatment, complications like pulpal necrosis and resorption may require endodontic intervention. This case report discusses the management of multiple horizontal intra- alveolar fractures in maxillary central incisor. Radiographically multiple healing patterns including the rare type 3 were observed. Combined surgical and non-surgical approaches were used for the management of the fractures.
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Prolonged transient cerebellar eye closure in a postoperative cerebellar juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma tumor resection. case report and literature review

July-December 2018, 3(2):23-25
We report one of the longest periods of TCES in a 5-year-old child who underwent cerebellar tumor resection. Our findings suggest that TCES can extend beyond what has been described in the literature.
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